Religion in the Avatar the Last Airbender Universe

Because yes, they have one. Possibly more than one.
We live in a culture massively dominated by one religion, and an unusually exclusionary one at that. This is less true than it was, and Christianity has never been the only religion in Western culture, but it has dominated the discourse for most of our history. That sometimes makes it hard to recognize religious practice as religious when it is very different from Christianity.
The presumed norm for religion–what most in our culture expect to see, even in a fictional religion–is something that resembles Christian religion (and, more broadly, the Indo-European and Semitic religions Christianity hybridizes), which is to say regular, frequent communal acts of worship guided by professional clergy and directed toward gods. But that’s not how all religion works in the real world! There are many possible models from different cultures–and in particular, religion works quite differently in the specific cultures Avatar the Last Airbender and The Legend of Korra draw much of their inspiration from.
For example, Buddhism has no gods. It has bodhisattvas, intercessory entities who are almost but not quite entirely unlike saints, but Buddhist practice consists of mindfulness, meditation, even prayer–but not worship as members of the Abrahamic religions or European pagan traditions understand it. Tibetan Buddhism, being part of the Theravada branch of the religion, doesn’t even have those; there are no higher beings on which one can call for aid at all, “higher” and “lower” being themselves illusions. The architecture and clothing of the Air Nomads draws heavily on Tibetan Buddhist monks and nuns, and Aang’s moral views (his vegetarianism, pacifism, pursuit of calm and detachment) seem drawn from the same source. It would not be farfetched to presume their religion is based on a similar model.
In the Earth Kingdom and Water Tribes, meanwhile (and one Fire Nation village), we find a veneration for local nature spirits. Disturbing the natural balance brings the wrath of the spirits, who must be calmed by an expert in such matters. This is not too dissimilar from practices in Shinto and Chinese folk religion, where all things–living, nonliving, and abstract–have souls, and disrespecting them can therefore make them angry. There is a real, qualitative difference between a Moon God and a Moon Spirit, namely that the Moon Spirit is the Moon, while a Moon God rules the Moon–in other words, there is not quite the same sense of hierarchy. The Moon Spirit is important and powerful because the Moon is important and powerful, but it is nonetheless not necessarily a higher order of being–setting it on fire hurts it just as it would you or I. One thus doesn’t need to worship Hei Bai to resolve its anger over the destruction of its forest; instead, one needs to understand it and persuade it to calm down by offering reparations and healing.
Just because there aren’t any gods in the Avatar universe doesn’t mean there isn’t religion. Unalaq is clearly a deeply devout man, recognizable as a religiously motivated tyrant just as Ozai is recognizable as a power-hungry tyrant–or if you prefer, recognizable as a religious zealot just as Amon is recognizable as a political zealot. Religion in the Avatar universe might not consist of regular meetings conducted by a priest, but it’s there–people know what spirits are, and tell stories of them. They know when they’ve done wrong and angered the spirits, and know that if they do, they need to find a sage, monk, nun, or Avatar to help them figure out how to appease the spirits. There are religious festivals–we see Unalaq complaining about how the Southern Water Tribe has secularized theirs. There are religious institutions–the Air Temples, the Fire Sages, the nunnery in “Bato of the Water Tribe.” There are sacred sites (spirit oases, the poles), rituals (meditation, the festival in Korra book 2), myths (the tug-of-war and love between Ocean and Moon, for example), religious art (the spirits didn’t build that bear statue in Hei Bai’s forest)–all the elements of religion are here. They’re just not arranged and presented in a way most of us are used to.

Video Vednesday: Legend of Korra S4E5 “Enemy at the Gates”

In which I make predictions that are confirmed by the TITLE of the next episode, plus predictions that are proven wrong by the next episode. Also some of why Kuvira is scary, and general ramblings about fascism, imperialism, and bad CG.

As usual, Tumblr folks will need to click through to my main blog to see the video for some absurd reason.

Video Vednesday: Legend of Korra S4E4 “The Calling” Vlog

I typed “The Callening” like four times, I don’t know what’s wrong with me. Ikki gets an episode, apparently. Was there demand for an Ikkisode? I don’t know, I have very little sense of what’s going on in any given fandom, even one’s I’m theoretically a part of.

MOAR TOPH PLZ.

Video Vednesday: Vlog for The Legend of Korra S4E3 “The Coronation”

And the Korra vlogs continue with episode 3! This is kind of rambly, but I’m mostly rambling about Toph, so it’s okay.

(Note for people viewing this through Tumblr: the service I use to repost all my blog posts to Tumblr fubars the video. If you want to watch it, just click the link and go to my main blog.)

Video Vednesday: Vlog: The Legend of Korra S4E02 “Korra Alone”

Patreon backers at $5 or higher get to see these videos weeks in advance, plus like everyone at $2 or higher they get to read The Near-Apocalypse of ’09 entries months in advance!

Vlog review of The Legend of Korra, Season 4, Episode 2, “Korra Alone.” I talk about structural similarities and references to AtLA episodes “Zuko Alone,” “The Storm,” and “Appa’s Lost Days,” how those help set the stage for the return of Toph, and my hopes for a sequence where Zuko, Katara, and Toph fight an entire army to liberate Ba Sing Se.

Video Vednesday: Legend of Korra S4E1 “After All These Years”

The next pony article is done, but since I had this ready to launch, I’ve decided to hold it until Thursday.

Welcome to a new weekly feature, Video Vednesdays, when I post one of the videos I’m making for my Patreon! For the first dozen-and-a-bit of these videos, that’ll be vlog reviews of the final Korra Season!

So, here’s my vlog review of The Legend of Korra, Season 4, Episode 1, “After All These Years.” I talk about my hopes and concerns for the season, my intense dislike of Mako, and approval of the decision to withhold a certain character until the end of the episode.

Patreon backers get access to these videos as I make them as opposed to as I post them publicly, plus immediate access to The Near Apocalypse of ’09!

An extremely basic point about American TV surprisingly many people don’t seem to get

Now, just to be clear, I am talking about standard commercial television. That means American television that is for-profit and ad-supported–basically everything except premium channels like HBO and not-for-profit channels like PBS and C-SPAN.

And also to be clear, I am not taking a position whether this is right or wrong or good or bad. I am simply pointing out that this is how things currently work, and in fact how they have worked since the beginning of American broadcasting.

Now, this is a really basic and important point, because it is pretty much impossible to understand some decisions networks make without knowing this. Ready?

You are not the customer. You are the product.

The network may get a very tiny amount of money from their share of your cable bill, but the overwhelming majority of their money comes from advertisers. But advertisers don’t buy ads from networks, they buy them from ad agencies. What they’re paying the network for is your attention.

The business of a network is not to make (or, more likely, commission) and transmit shows. That’s a stage in the process. The actual business of the network is to sell your attention to advertisers.

So, once again: you are not the customer. You are the product.

The show is not the product. The show is bait.

And that’s why Korra got moved to Friday nights and then pulled off the air.

A Pattern I’ve Noticed

And by “noticed” I mean “lifted from JesuOtaku’s Twitter feed.”

The second season of Legend of Korra is actually really entertaining whenever Korra isn’t on the screen. Though, honestly, I still think the show would be better if they dropped the whole “avatar” thing and just made it the ongoing adventures of Asami as she pilots her mecha in lone battle against goofy-yet-evil industrialists and war profiteers.

The Tragedy of Korra

The worst thing about how much Legend of Korra is sucking this season is that its plunging ratings won’t be blamed on the sub-par writing and reliance on heavily telegraphed, cliche plot “twists.” No, anyone who’s followed the animation industry knows that the Nickelodeon executives will blame its poor ratings on the gender of the protagonist, and make it that much harder for the next person who wants to make a general-audience show with a woman as the main character.